85 art competitors, 65 men and 20 women, represented Great Britain in 1948. Mixed Architecture, Architectural Designs Patrick Horsbrugh (born 21 June 1920) is a British-born American architecture professor. Born in Belfast, he took an interest in architecture at a young age, but his studies were interrupted by military service during World War II. Following the conflict he studied in Britain and the United States before embarking on teaching career that spanned numerous major American universities. He also competed for Great Britain at the art competitions at the 1948 Summer Olympics. As a researcher, he coined the term "environics" to cover the study of the environmental implications of modern architecture development and taught courses on the subject until his retirement. He now holds the title of professor emeritus at the University of Notre Dame. Art competitions were held as part of the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, Great Britain. Medals were awarded in five categories (architecture, literature, music, painting, and sculpture), for works inspired by sport-related themes. The art exhibition was held at the Victoria and Albert Museum from 15 July to 14 August, and displayed works of art from 27 different countries. The literature competition attracted 44 entries, and the music competition had 36 entries. The art competitions included multiple subcategories or each of the five artistic categories. The judges declined to award any medals for dramatic works in literature, and no gold medals in another five subcategories. Alex Diggelmann of Switzerland won both a silver medal and a bronze medal for two different entries in the applied arts and crafts subcategory, a feat unlikely to be duplicated in any event in the current Olympic program. These would be the final Games in which art competitions were held, after being in the official program for all Games since 1912. At a meeting of the International Olympic Committee in 1949, it was decided to hold art exhibitions instead, as it was judged illogical to permit professionals to compete in the art competitions but only amateurs were permitted to compete in sporting events. Since 1952, a non-competitive art and cultural festival has been associated with each Games. Alex Werner Diggelmann (August 20, 1902 Ц November 21, 1987) was a Swiss artist who won three medals in the Olympic Games. He won a gold medal in 1936 for a poster entitled Arosa I Placard, and a bronze one and a silver one in 1948 for two commercial posters, the "World Championship for Cycling Poster" and the "World Championship for Ice Hockey Poster". He also designed the trophy presented annually to the winners of the UEFA Cup. He is only one of two artists who has won three medals in art competition.