Nine events were contested, eight for men and one for women. This marked the first time that a women's canoeing event had been contested in the Olympics. Sweden won four gold medals (two by Gert Fredriksson) and Czechoslovakia three. Gert Fridolf Fredriksson (November 21, 1919, in Nykoping, Sodermanland, Ц July 5, 2006) was a Swedish sprint canoer who competed from 1942 to 1964. Competing in four Summer Olympics, he won eight medals including six golds (1948: K-1 1000 m, K-1 10000 m; 1952: K-1 1000 m, 1956: K-1 1000 m, K-1 10000 m; 1960: K-2 1000 m), one silver (1952: K-1 10000 m), and one bronze (K-1 1000 m). At the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Fredriksson was head coach of the Swedish team. Fredriksson at first place with fellow Swede Sven-Olof Sjodelius at the 1960 Summer Olympics. He was the most successful male canoeist ever, having gained medals in a succession of Swedish, Nordic, World and Olympic championships from 1942 - 1960. Fredriksson remains the most successful Swede at the Olympics, winning six gold medals at four Olympics.  He also won seven gold medals at the World Championships and 71 medals in the Swedish championships.  Fredriksson was awarded the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal in 1949. In 1956 he was awarded the Mohammad Taher trophy by the Interna ional Olympic Committee as the number one sportsman in the world, the only canoeist to be presented with this trophy.Czechoslovakia (or Czecho-Slovakia; Czech and Slovak: Ceskoslovensko, Cesko-Slovensko) was a sovereign state in Central Europe which existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate. In 1945, the eastern part of Carpathian Ruthenia was taken over by the Soviet Union. At the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, nine events in sprint canoe racing were contested. For the first time, a women's event was part of the Olympic program. Josef Holecek (Czech pronunciation: [?joz?f ol?tk]; 25 January 1921 Ц 20 February 2005) was a Czechoslovakian sprint canoer who competed in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Competing in two Summer Olympics, he won gold medals in the C-1 1000 m event in both 1948 and 1952. Holecek won also won two medals at the 1950 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships in Copenhagen with a gold in the C-1 1000 m and a silver in the C-1 10000 m events.