Only one modern pentathlon event was contested, the five component sportsЦ riding, fencing, shooting, swimming, and running- being held over six days. Scoring was by point-for-place system across the five phases with the winner being the athlete with the lowest combined ranking. The sport's international federation, the Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne was founded during the Games, on 3 August 1948. Sweden won two medals in the event; William Grut won the gold, with a final points total of 16, and Gosta Gardin took bronze. American George Moore won the silver medal. The modern pentathlon is a sports contest that includes five events: pistol shooting, fencing, 200 m freestyle swimming, show jumping, and a 3 km cross-country run. Since 1949 an annual World Championship has been held in non-Olympic years. Originally the competition took place over four or five days; however in 1996 a one-day format was adopted in an effort to be more audience-friendly. Its lack of widespread popularity outside Eastern Europe has led to calls for its removal from the Olympic Games in recent years; however, following a vote by the IOC on July 8, 2005, it has remained in the Olympic program at least through 2016. On February 12, 2013, the IOC voted to remove wrestling starting with the 2020 Olympics despite the unpopularity of other sports, particularly modern pentathlon, which it chose to keep.The International Modern Pentathlon Union (French: Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne), UIPM, is the international governing body of Modern pentathlon. Its headquarters are in Monte-Carlo, Monaco.Willi
m Oscar Guernsey Grut (17 September 1914 Ц 20 November 2012) was a Swedish modern pentathlete and Olympic champion. He competed at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, where he won the gold medal in modern pentathlon. He was several times Swedish swimming champion. He received the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal in 1948. His father was the architect Torben Andreas Grut and his mother, born Margit Torssell, was the daughter of the Norwegian opera singer Olefine Moe. Grut qualified as a student in May 1932, the same year his father lost everything as a consequence of the Krueger crash. Grut's first choice would have been to study medicine, and he had gained a place at Pembroke College, Cambridge, but that dream ended with the stock market crash. Grut chose a career in the army instead, where the training was free and where he could fulfill his desire to contribute to his country's defence. His father had been Swedish tennis champion around the turn of the century, but Grut did not follow in his footsteps, as his natural talent was swimming. Grut set a new junior record for 100 m freestyle swimming in 1928 and went on to win a series of Swedish Championships in 200 m, 400 m and 1500 m freestyle. In 1936 Grut formed part of the Swedish swimming team at the Berlin Olympic Games, where he saw the German pentathlete Gotthard Handrick win gold in Modern Pentathlon. Until then, Modern Pentathlon gold medals had been the preserve of Swedish pentathletes: Liliehook in 1912 (Stockholm), Dyrssen in 1920 (Antwerp), Lindman in 1924 (Paris), Thofelt in 1928 (Amsterdam), Oxenstierna in 1932 (Los Angeles).