Sailing

The sailing events at the Games took place in Torquay, in the southwest of Great Britain.[33] Five events were contested, with the United States winning four total medals.[34] One of host nation Great Britain's three gold medals at the Games came in the Swallow class from Stewart Morris and David Bond. In the Firefly class Danish sailor Paul Elvstrom won gold the despite the Danish Olympic Committee having misgivings about sending him to compete as the 18-year old could speak no English. This was the first of four consecutive Olympics with a gold medal for Elvstrom.[33] The Swallow (also known as the National Swallow or Golondrina) is a type of keelboat that was used as a two-man Olympic class for the 1948 Olympics. It was designed by Tom Thorneycroft as a potential replacement for the Star class still in use. The design was also entered in a 1943 competition sponsored by Yachting magazine, but never became significantly popular outside the United Kingdom.[1] The design has a 3?4 keel with an attached raked rudder. It has dingy-like characteristics, and is capable of planning in strong breezes. Stewart Morris, OBE, (25 May 1909 Ц 24 February 1991) was a British sailor, born in Bromley, Kent. He competed at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London and won a gold medal in the Swallow class with David Bond.[1] Morris was British champion in both the Firefly and Swallow class. He served as Commander in the RNVR during the Second World War. David Bond (born 27 March 1922) is a British Olympic gold medallist in sailing. He competed at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London and won a gold medal in t e Swallow class with Stewart Morris. He has been involved in the promotion of elements related to the 2012 Summer Olympics and is the only surviving British gold medallist from the 1948 Games.The Firefly is a two-sail, wooden or GRP sailing dinghy with no spinnaker, designed by Uffa Fox in 1938. The first four boats from the production line were named Fe, Fi, Fo and Fum. Number one, Fe, is now owned by the National Maritime Museum Cornwall. Although designed as a double hander, it was selected as the single handed class for the 1948 Olympics but was subsequently replaced by the Finn class. The class then became popular as a double hander, as was originally intended. It has become particularly successful as a team racing boat in the UK, thanks to its high maneuverability, easy handling, and low cost. Another benefit is the use of smaller mainsail which enables sailing in stronger winds. The class has become particularly popular for the British Universities Sailing Association team racing events, thus a large number of universities that team race have a fleet of Fireflys, taking advantage of the benefits above. The Firefly ideal was to produce a one-design dinghy at a low cost; this is why the class celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2006 and continues to grow. The Firefly appeals to all ages and is raced by both men and women.Paul Bert Elvstrom (born February 25, 1928 in Copenhagen) is a yachtsman from Denmark. He has won four gold medals at the Olympic Games and won world championships eleven times in eight different types of boat, including Snipe, Soling, Star, Flying Dutchman and Finn.

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